I can’t tell you how disappointed I am. The UN Human Rights Council concluded its special session on Sri Lanka yesterday by adopting a resolution proposed by the Sri Lankan government. The Council’s session should have been used to examine the reports of human rights violations and war crimes occurring during the recent fighting between the Sri Lankan security forces and the opposition Tamil Tigers. On May 17, the Sri Lankan government had announced that it had defeated the Tigers, recapturing all the territory controlled by them and killing their leaders. The Tigers had been fighting over the past 26 years to establish an independent state for the Tamil minority in the north and east of the country. Both sides have committed gross human rights violations and war crimes over the course of the conflict.
Amnesty International had called for the Council to set up a fact-finding mission to look into allegations of abuses of human rights and international humanitarian law by both sides. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights told the Council’s special session that an independent, international investigation should be undertaken into these abuses. Both also called for the Sri Lankan government to give journalists and aid agencies unimpeded access to the hundreds of thousands of displaced civilians who’ve been placed by the government in overcrowded internment camps which they can’t leave.
Of course, the Council’s resolution, since it was drafted by the Sri Lankan government, does none of these things. While condemning the Tigers, it makes no mention of abuses committed by the government forces. It simply acknowledges that the Sri Lankan government would provide aid agencies with access “as may be appropriate” to the displaced civilians.
What’s next for the Human Rights Council – asking the Sudanese government to draft a resolution on Darfur? asking the government of Myanmar to draft a resolution on Aung San Suu Kyi? The Council could still redeem itself; its next regular session starts next Monday, June 2. The Council should take up action again on Sri Lanka and this time live up to its responsibilities by establishing an international investigation into the abuses committed by both sides and ensuring unimpeded access for aid agencies and the media to the displaced civilians.
Yesterday was a very sad day for the cause of human rights in Sri Lanka. Let’s hope it’s not repeated.